Our body is composed of specialized cells, tissue and a set of well developed organs and organ systems, which functions from the time of our birth till the last minutes of our life. There are many specialized organ systems, which are involved in the continuity of the life process. These organs system includes, reproductive system, circulatory system, nervous system, excretory system, endocrine system and so on. All these organ systems are interlinked and work combinedly and effectively.
In this article, let us learn some important facts and other information related to the reproductive system.
What is the Reproductive System?
Reproduction is the most vital and essential process, which is required for the continuity of life. Every single living species, from a small insect to bird, reptile to elephants and humans, all living species including the plants reproduce to produce their young ones. There are different modes of reproduction, which vary between the living species.
The organ system, which is involved in the process of reproduction is called the reproductive system. Different living species have different reproductive systems and are mainly based on their mode of reproduction. We human have different reproductive organs for both the sex.
The male reproductive system comprises a set of organs located around the pelvic region in the lower abdomen.The reproductive system of the male is primarily composed of penis, scrotum, testicles, urethra and Vas Deferens.
The female reproductive system comprises a set of organs located in the pelvic region of the female body.A female reproductive system comprises ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and vagina.
Interesting Facts about Reproductive System
All females, after reaching their puberty produce a mature egg cell every month during a process called the menstrual cycle.
Along with the reproductive organs certain hormones are also required for the proper functioning and maintenance of the reproductive systems and the reproductive cycle.
Ovaries are the primary female reproductive organ and testicles or testes are the male reproductive organ. These sex organs are also involved in the production of sex hormoones.
Uterus is the inverted pear-shaped organ of the female reproductive system. It is also called as the womb, which is present in the female pelvis between the bladder and rectum.The uterus is mainly responsible for many functions in the processes of implantation, gestation, menstruation, and labor.
Every year, around 15 to 20 percent of the total population undergo infertility. The main reasons behind this infertility are different in both males and females.
There are four different phases of the menstrual cycle. The menstrual cycle phase, the follicular phase, the ovulation phase and the luteal phase.
Sperm cells produced by the male reproductive organs is the smallest human cell, measuring 3 to 5 micrometers in size and the ovum of the egg produced by the female reproductive organs is the largest human cell, measuring 120 to 130 micrometers in its diameter.
Men produce more sperm cells in their lifetime and the number usually varies between 400 to 500 billion sperm cells. During ejaculation or discharge of semen, a healthy individual releases upto 1 millions or more sperm cells.
Women carry two millions of eggs at her birth, among which only three to four lakh eggs will be ovulated and fertilized before menopause and a healthy individual is more capable of giving birth to about 30 to 35 babies in their lifetime.
The female reproductive organs are guarded and protected by many bacteria against the external infections. As these bacteria reside on the walls of the vagina, a relatively acidic environment it also helps in lowering the pH of the vagina.
This concludes the interesting facts about the human reproductive system. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more in detail about the reproductive system in different species. Students can also enjoy learning by watching interactive youtube videos on various topics by subscribing to our Youtube channel.