According to Erste-Hilfe Kurs München a fracture is a break in the integrity of a bone. Fracture is accompanied by severe pain, sometimes – fainting or shock, bleeding. A distinction is made between open and closed fractures. The first is accompanied by wounding of soft tissues, the wound is sometimes noticeable fragments of bone.
Erste Hilfe Kurs corona Bayern and the nature of the damage to the bones lets us know that the following types of fractures are distinguished:
- Splintered – the bone is destroyed with the formation of many fragments;
- Complicated – nerve fibers and internal organs are injured along with the bone;
- Displaced – bone fragments are displaced relative to each other;
Also, a fracture can be partial in the form of a crack. Such a violation of bone integrity is more common in children due to the elasticity of bone tissue.
First-aid techniques for fractures
At the Erste Hilfe Kurs münchen hauptbahnhof stopping the bleeding is done in 5 steps:
- Assess the severity of the condition of the victim, determine the location of the fracture.
- If there is bleeding, stop it.
- Determine whether the victim can be moved until specialists arrive.
Do not move or change position if there is a spinal injury!
- Immobilize the bone in the area of the fracture by immobilizing it. This involves immobilizing the joints above and below the fracture.
- Apply a splint. You can use flat sticks, planks, rulers, rods, and so on as a splint. The splint should be wrapped tightly but not too tightly with bandages or plaster.
With a closed fracture, immobilization should be done over the clothing. With an open fracture, the splint should not be applied to places where the bone protrudes.