For more than 40 years, there have been numerous fertility treatments for couples experiencing serious problems with conception. Reproductive medicine is now able to cope with cases of infertility, where it is not possible to conceive due to male health problems.
Male factor infertility is when the quality of sperm is not high enough, there are genetic abnormalities that can be transmitted to the child, the sperm is not active enough or there are problems with ejaculation. The causes of male infertility can vary from congenital to acquired due to disease or surgery. In some cases, male infertility problems are treated with special medications.
In particular, male infertility may develop due to inflammatory diseases of the reproductive system, a number of congenital problems with the genitals, due to trauma or surgery. In addition, doctors point out that a huge percentage of male infertility is, in addition to reproductive system problems, bad habits such as smoking, regular use of alcohol or drugs. But it is not only these well-known harmful substances that prevent a man from conceiving a child. Drugs that significantly reduce a man’s chances of becoming a happy father also include steroids, which are often taken by men engaged in weightlifting to achieve maximum athletic performance.
Tests in male infertility
What is characteristic, very often in male infertility there are no obvious signs of disease or problems. The man may be fine with his personal life, as well as with erections and ejaculation. At the same time, the only problem that signals a problem with a man’s reproductive system may only be the lack of a long-awaited pregnancy in a woman for a year or more.
If a couple cannot achieve a desired pregnancy for a year, in the absence of protection, it is a serious signal to see a specialist. At the same time, if the woman does not have any problems with her reproductive system, it is necessary to check the man. First, the man undergoes a general examination by an andrologist, and then he undergoes a series of tests, primarily semen analysis to determine the quality and activity of sperm. Sperm analysis gives a lot of important information: the concentration of sperm, their quality and absence of chromosomal abnormalities, their motility and vitality. However, semen analysis by itself is not enough, and in any case, the reproductologist needs to determine the reason why the man cannot conceive. This requires a whole series of different tests and examinations to identify problems and begin treatment.
Eco for male infertility
In-vitro fertilization has been available since 1978, when it was first developed and tested. Since then, it has become a real salvation for millions of couples who for various reasons cannot conceive naturally. With the advent of this method of infertility treatment, male reproductive problems are no longer a sentence, and now every year thousands of couples have the unique opportunity to become parents even if their reproductive system is not all right.
IVF procedure is conducted in the clinics of reproductology, equipped with social technology and specialists in reproductive medicine. As part of the IVF procedure, a woman is artificially stimulated by her ovaries to obtain the maximum number of eggs. These eggs are then artificially fertilized with a partner’s sperm, and the resulting embryos are cultured for several days in the laboratory until they reach maximum quality. Once embryos of sufficient quality have grown, one or two of them are transferred into the uterus cavity of the woman for fixation and further development.
Unfortunately, even such a complicated and time-consuming procedure as IVF does not provide a one hundred percent guarantee of infertility treatment. However, overall, it is quite an effective way to conceive in case it is not possible to do it the natural way. Including IVF is often used to treat male infertility. If the sperm quality is too poor, scientists recommend using additional assistive technology, where one of the most active and viable sperm is isolated from the man’s sperm, which is artificially placed in an egg cell and developed in laboratory conditions. Overall, this increases the chances of a successful pregnancy from a few percent to 40-50 percent.